Feb 18, 2023
Upcoming Podcast Discussion
The Igbos are one of the ethnic groups in Nigeria. Igbos constitute 18-20 percent of the Nigerian population and have contributed immensely to the economy of Nigeria. They primarily reside in the south eastern part of Nigeria but are widely travelled and can be found in every part of the country. Nigeria has many ethnic groups with three being the most prominent; Igbos, Yoruba, Hausa/Fulani. The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War, July 6, 1967 – January 13, 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra. Created as a colonial entity by the British, Nigeria was divided between a mainly Muslim north and a mainly Christian and animist south. Following independence in 1960, three provinces were formed along tribal lines, the Hausa and Fulani (north), Yoruba (south-west), and Igbo or Ibo (south-east). Tribal tensions increased after a military coup in 1966 which resulted in General Aguiyi-Ironsi, an Igbo, taking power as President. This was followed by a northerner-led counter coup a few months later. Aguiyi-Ironsi was killed and widespread reprisals were unleashed against the Igbo. Fearing marginalization within the state, on May 30, 1967 the Igbo-majority province declared its independence as the Republic of Biafra. Initially, its forces pushed back the Nigerian army but after a year of fighting, a stalemate developed.Nigeria then blocked food and supplies from entering Biafra, which resulted in a humanitarian crisis of huge proportion. Images of the suffering reached the global community via the media, attracting a large relief effort. Some of the founders of Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders) took part, later establishing the agency as a response to the tragic war. Biafra surrendered on January 13, 1970. This was one of the first post-World War II tragedies that the media took into living rooms across the globe and it gave impetus to the development of humanitarian responses to complex emergencies, whether caused by natural calamity or by human hand.
Although the Biafra war ended in 1970 and the Military head of State at the time ( General gowon) declared that there is no victor no vanquished; Many igbos have saiod it dosent it like it as they have become marginalized in the country often being victims of attcks and derogatory statement from their other country men. Is this true? Join us as we discuss this indepth on our podcast.